SOCR Data Dinov 071108 OilGasData

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SOCR Data - Oil, Gas, Nuclear and Alternative Energy Resources, Production and Consumption

Data Description

The data below present a graphical overview of energy history in the United States between 1949-2007. These data reveal sweeping trends related to the US’s acquisition and use of energy resources. Energy can be grouped into three broad categories.

  • Complete (large-resolution map) of the World Petroleum Reserves
  • First are the fossil fuels - coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Fossil fuels are nature’s batteries; they have stored the sun’s energy over millennia past, and it is primarily that captured energy that we are drawing on today to fuel the activities of the modern economy. Use of the individual fossil fuels changed at different rates over the decades but all three major forms have been essential to meeting the Nation’s energy requirements. In 1949, fossil fuel consumption in the United States totaled 29 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu); in 2007, the total was 86 quadrillion Btu.
  • Second major form of energy is nuclear power, which is a relative newcomer in the energy business. The nuclear electric power industry got its start in this country in 1957 when the Shippingport, Pennsylvania, nuclear electric power plant came on line. By 2007, the industry had expanded to supply 19 percent of the Nation’s electrical output and 8 percent of all energy used in the country.
  • Third, are the renewable forms of energy. Unlike fossil fuels, which are finite in supply, renewable energy is essentially inexhaustible because it is naturally replenished. Renewable energy includes conventional hydroelectric power, which is power derived from falling water; biomass such as wood, waste, and biofuels; geothermal; solar; and wind. Before the great expansion in fossil fuel use that began with coal in the late 1800s, wood was the primary fuel used in this country. Today, we are looking again at renewable resources to find new ways to use them to help meet our energy needs. In 2007, all forms of renewable energy together accounted for 7 percent of U.S. total energy consumption.

Data Interpretation

  • R=Revised. P=Preliminary. (s)=Less than 0.0005 quadrillion Btu.
  • 1 (See Note 1), "Primary Energy Production," at end of section.
  • 2 (See Note 2), "Primary Energy Consumption," at end of section.
  • 3 Net imports equal imports minus exports. Minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports. * 4 Coal, natural gas (dry), crude oil, and natural gas plant liquids.
  • 5 See Tables 10.1-10.2c for notes on series components and estimation.
  • 6 Crude oil and petroleum products. Includes imports into the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
  • 7 Also includes natural gas, coal, coal coke, fuel ethanol, and electricity. Sources: Tables 1.2, 1.3, and 1.4.
  • 8 Also includes natural gas, petroleum, coal coke, and electricity.
  • 9 Calculated as consumption and exports minus production and imports. Includes petroleum stock change and adjustments; natural gas net storage withdrawals and balancing item; coal stock change, losses, and unaccounted for; and fuel ethanol stock change.
  • 10 Coal, coal coke net imports, natural gas, and petroleum.
  • 11 Also includes electricity net imports.

Primary Energy Data, 1949-2007

Primary Energy Data, 1949-2007 (Quadrillion Btu)
Year Production (1) Trade Stock Change and Other (9) Consumption (2)
Fossil Fuels (4) Nuclear Electric Power Renewable Energy (5) Total Imports Exports Net Imports (3) Fossil Fuels (10) Nuclear Electric Power Renewable Energy (5) Total (11)
Petroleum (6) Total (7) Coal Total (8) Total
1949 28.748 0.000 2.974 31.722 1.427 1.448 0.877 1.592 -0.144 0.403 29.002 0.000 2.974 31.982
1950 32.563 .000 2.978 35.540 1.886 1.913 .786 1.465 .448 -1.372 31.632 .000 2.978 34.616
1951 35.792 .000 2.958 38.751 1.872 1.892 1.683 2.622 -.729 -1.047 34.008 .000 2.958 36.974
1952 34.977 .000 2.940 37.917 2.114 2.146 1.403 2.365 -.219 -.950 33.800 .000 2.940 36.748
1953 35.349 .000 2.831 38.181 2.285 2.313 .981 1.866 .447 -.963 34.826 .000 2.831 37.664
1954 33.764 .000 2.754 36.518 2.324 2.348 .911 1.696 .652 -.531 33.877 .000 2.754 36.639
1955 37.364 .000 2.784 40.148 2.752 2.790 1.465 2.286 .504 -.444 37.410 .000 2.784 40.208
1956 39.771 .000 2.851 42.622 3.166 3.207 1.984 2.945 .261 -1.129 38.888 .000 2.851 41.754
1957 40.133 0 2.849 42.983 3.461 3.529 2.174 3.439 .090 -1.285 38.926 0 2.849 41.787
1958 37.216 .002 2.915 40.133 3.719 3.884 1.416 2.050 1.835 -.323 38.717 .002 2.915 41.645
1959 39.045 .002 2.901 41.949 3.910 4.076 1.051 1.534 2.542 -1.025 40.550 .002 2.901 43.466
1960 39.869 .006 2.929 42.804 3.999 4.188 1.023 1.477 2.710 -.427 42.137 .006 2.929 45.087
1961 40.307 .020 2.953 43.280 4.192 4.437 .981 1.377 3.060 -.602 42.758 .020 2.953 45.739
1962 41.732 .026 3.119 44.877 4.562 4.994 1.083 1.473 3.522 -.571 44.681 .026 3.119 47.828
1963 44.037 .038 3.098 47.174 4.650 5.087 1.356 1.835 3.251 -.779 46.509 .038 3.098 49.646
1964 45.789 .040 3.228 49.056 4.959 5.447 1.335 1.815 3.633 -.872 48.543 .040 3.228 51.817
1965 47.235 .043 3.398 50.676 5.402 5.892 1.376 1.829 4.063 -.722 50.577 .043 3.398 54.017
1966 50.035 .064 3.435 53.534 5.629 6.146 1.351 1.829 4.317 -.834 53.514 .064 3.435 57.017
1967 52.597 .088 3.694 56.379 5.555 6.159 1.352 2.115 4.044 -1.515 55.127 .088 3.694 58.908
1968 54.306 .142 3.778 58.225 6.213 6.905 1.380 1.998 4.907 -.712 58.502 .142 3.778 62.419
1969 56.286 .154 4.102 60.541 6.903 7.676 1.534 2.126 5.551 -.471 61.362 .154 4.102 65.621
1970 59.186 .239 4.076 63.501 7.470 8.342 1.936 2.632 5.709 -1.367 63.522 .239 4.076 67.844
1971 58.042 .413 4.268 62.723 8.540 9.535 1.546 2.151 7.384 -.818 64.596 .413 4.268 69.289
1972 58.938 .584 4.398 63.920 10.299 11.387 1.531 2.118 9.269 -.485 67.696 .584 4.398 72.704
1973 58.241 .910 4.433 63.585 13.466 14.613 1.425 2.033 12.580 -.456 70.316 .910 4.433 75.708
1974 56.331 1.272 4.769 62.372 13.127 14.304 1.620 2.203 12.101 -.482 67.906 1.272 4.769 73.991
1975 54.733 1.900 4.723 61.357 12.948 14.032 1.761 2.323 11.709 -1.067 65.355 1.900 4.723 71.999
1976 54.723 2.111 4.768 61.602 15.672 16.760 1.597 2.172 14.588 -.178 69.104 2.111 4.768 76.012
1977 55.101 2.702 4.249 62.052 18.756 19.948 1.442 2.052 17.896 -1.948 70.989 2.702 4.249 78.000
1978 55.074 3.024 5.039 63.137 17.824 19.106 1.078 1.920 17.186 -.337 71.856 3.024 5.039 79.986
1979 58.006 2.776 5.166 65.948 17.933 19.460 1.753 2.855 16.605 -1.649 72.892 2.776 5.166 80.903
1980 59.008 2.739 5.485 67.232 14.658 15.796 2.421 3.695 12.101 -1.212 69.826 2.739 5.485 78.122
1981 58.529 3.008 5.477 67.014 12.639 13.719 2.944 4.307 9.412 -.258 67.570 3.008 5.477 76.168
1982 57.458 3.131 6.034 66.623 10.777 11.861 2.787 4.608 7.253 -.724 63.888 3.131 6.034 73.153
1983 54.416 3.203 6.561 64.180 10.647 11.752 2.045 3.693 8.059 .799 63.154 3.203 6.561 73.038
1984 58.849 3.553 6.522 68.924 11.433 12.471 2.151 3.786 8.685 -.894 66.504 3.553 6.522 76.714
1985 57.539 4.076 6.185 67.799 10.609 11.781 2.438 4.196 7.584 1.107 66.091 4.076 6.185 76.491
1986 56.575 4.380 6.223 67.178 13.201 14.151 2.248 4.021 10.130 -.552 66.031 4.380 6.223 76.756
1987 57.167 4.754 5.739 67.659 14.162 15.398 2.093 3.812 11.586 -.073 68.522 4.754 5.739 79.173
1988 57.875 5.587 5.568 69.030 15.747 17.296 2.499 4.366 12.929 .860 71.556 5.587 5.568 82.819
1989 57.483 5.602 6.391 69.476 17.162 18.766 2.637 4.661 14.105 1.362 72.913 5.602 6.391 84.944
1990 58.560 6.104 6.206 70.870 17.117 18.817 2.772 4.752 14.065 -.283 72.333 6.104 6.206 84.652
1991 57.872 6.422 6.238 70.532 16.348 18.335 2.854 5.141 13.194 .881 71.880 6.422 6.238 84.607
1992 57.655 6.479 5.993 70.127 16.968 19.372 2.682 4.937 14.435 1.394 73.397 6.479 5.993 85.956
1993 55.822 6.410 6.263 68.495 18.510 21.273 1.962 4.258 17.014 2.094 74.836 6.410 6.262 87.603
1994 58.044 6.694 6.155 70.893 19.243 22.390 1.879 4.061 18.329 .038 76.258 6.694 6.155 89.260
1995 57.540 7.075 6.703 71.319 18.881 22.260 2.318 4.511 17.750 2.104 77.258 7.075 6.705 91.173
1996 58.387 7.087 7.167 72.641 20.284 23.702 2.368 4.633 19.069 2.466 79.783 7.087 7.168 94.175
1997 58.857 6.597 7.180 72.634 21.740 25.215 2.193 4.514 20.701 1.430 80.874 6.597 7.178 94.765
1998 59.314 7.068 6.659 73.041 22.908 26.581 2.092 4.299 22.281 -.139 81.370 7.068 6.657 95.183
1999 57.614 7.610 6.683 71.907 23.133 27.252 1.525 3.715 23.537 1.373 82.428 7.610 6.681 96.817
2000 57.366 7.862 6.262 71.490 24.531 28.973 1.528 4.006 24.967 2.518 84.733 7.862 6.264 98.975
2001 58.541 8.033 5.318 71.892 25.398 30.157 1.265 3.770 26.386 -1.952 82.903 8.033 5.316 96.326
2002 56.894 8.143 5.899 70.936 24.674 29.407 1.032 3.668 25.739 1.184 83.750 8.143 5.893 97.858
2003 56.157 7.959 6.149 70.264 26.219 31.061 1.117 4.054 27.007 .938 84.078 7.959 6.150 98.209
2004 55.914 8.222 6.248 70.384 28.196 33.543 1.253 4.433 29.110 .857 85.830 8.222 6.261 100.351
2005 55.056 8.160 6.431 69.647 29.248 34.710 1.273 4.561 30.149 .710 85.817 8.160 6.444 100.506
2006 55.940 8.214 6.872 71.025 29.168 34.673 1.264 4.868 29.805 -.974 84.658 8.214 6.922 99.856
2007P 56.499 8.415 6.800 71.713 28.701 34.599 1.507 5.361 29.238 .649 86.248 8.415 6.830 101.600

Primary Energy Consumption by Source, 1635-1945

Historically, wood served as the preeminent form of energy for about half of the US’s history. Around 1885, coal surpassed wood’s usage. Despite its tremendous and rapid expansion, coal was, in turn, overtaken by petroleum in the middle of the 20th century. Natural gas, too, experienced rapid development into the second half of the 20th century, and coal began to expand again. Late in the 20th century still another form of energy, nuclear electric power, was developed and made significant contributions. The table below illustrates the (estimated) Primary Energy Consumption in the United States, Selected Years, 1635-1945 in Quadrillion Btu.

SOCR Data Dinov Energy 032410 Fig3.png
Primary Energy Data, 1635-1945 (Quadrillion Btu)
Year Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy Electricity Net Imports Total
Coal Natural Gas Petroleum Total Conventional Hydroelectric Power Biomass Total
Wood (1)
1635 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1645 0 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.001 0 0.001
1655 0 0 0 0 0 .002 .002 0 .002
1665 0 0 0 0 0 .005 .005 0 .005
1675 0 0 0 0 0 .007 .007 0 .007
1685 0 0 0 0 0 .009 .009 0 .009
1695 0 0 0 0 0 .014 .014 0 .014
1705 0 0 0 0 0 .022 .022 0 .022
1715 0 0 0 0 0 .037 .037 0 .037
1725 0 0 0 0 0 .056 .056 0 .056
1735 0 0 0 0 0 .080 .080 0 .080
1745 0 0 0 0 0 .112 .112 0 .112
1755 0 0 0 0 0 .155 .155 0 .155
1765 0 0 0 0 0 .200 .200 0 .200
1775 0 0 0 0 0 .249 .249 0 .249
1785 0 0 0 0 0 .310 .310 0 .310
1795 0 0 0 0 0 .402 .402 0 .402
1805 0 0 0 0 0 .537 .537 0 .537
1815 0 0 0 0 0 .714 .714 0 .714
1825 0 0 0 0 0 .960 .960 0 .960
1835 0 0 0 0 0 1.305 1.305 0 1.305
1845 0 0 0 0 0 1.757 1.757 0 1.757
1850 0.219 0 0 0.219 0 2.138 2.138 0 2.357
1855 .421 0 0 .421 0 2.389 2.389 0 2.810
1860 .518 0 0.003 .521 0 2.641 2.641 0 3.162
1865 .632 0 .010 .642 0 2.767 2.767 0 3.409
1870 1.048 0 .011 1.059 0 2.893 2.893 0 3.952
1875 1.440 0 .011 1.451 0 2.872 2.872 0 4.323
1880 2.054 0 .096 2.150 0 2.851 2.851 0 5.001
1885 2.840 0.082 .040 2.962 0 2.683 2.683 0 5.645
1890 4.062 .257 .156 4.475 0.022 2.515 2.537 0 7.012
1895 4.950 .147 .168 5.265 .090 2.306 2.396 0 7.661
1900 6.841 .252 .229 7.322 .250 2.015 2.265 0 9.587
1905 10.001 .372 .610 10.983 .386 1.843 2.229 0 13.212
1910 12.714 .540 1.007 14.261 .539 1.765 2.304 0 16.565
1915 13.294 .673 1.418 15.385 .659 1.688 2.347 0.002 17.734
1920 15.504 .813 2.676 18.993 .738 1.610 2.348 .003 21.344
1925 14.706 1.191 4.280 20.177 .668 1.533 2.201 .004 22.382
1930 13.639 1.932 5.897 21.468 .752 1.455 2.207 .005 23.680
1935 10.634 1.919 5.675 18.228 .806 1.397 2.203 .005 20.436
1940 12.535 2.665 7.760 22.960 .880 1.358 2.238 .007 25.205
1945 15.972 3.871 10.110 29.953 1.442 1.261 2.703 .009 32.665

World Primary Energy Production by Region, 1996-2005

  • 1 Excludes countries that were part of the former U.S.S.R.
  • Notes:
    • Data in this table do not include recent updates for the United States or for other countries
    • World primary energy production includes production of crude oil (including lease condensate), natural gas plant liquids, dry natural gas, and coal; and net electricity generation from nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, wood, waste, geothermal, solar, and wind. Data for the United States also include other renewable energy.
    • Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
  • 2 Includes only countries that were part of the former U.S.S.R. For related information, see http://www.eia.doe.gov/international.
  • R=Revised.
  • P=Preliminary.
  • Source: Energy Information Administration, "International Energy Annual 2005" (June-October 2007).
Region_Country 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
North_Central_and_South_America 121.08 123.27 124.52 123.12 125 125.67 125.65 124.62 126.7 127.35
Brazil 4.83 5.06 5.48 5.91 6.4 6.2 6.75 7.1 7.19 7.71
Canada 17.22 17.48 17.43 17.68 18.12 18.25 18.57 18.5 18.87 19.09
Mexico 8.75 9.06 9.31 9.06 9.34 9.54 10.81 10.08 10.28 10.26
United_States 72.64 72.63 73.04 71.91 71.49 71.89 70.94 70.27 70.39 69.64
Venezuela 8.62 9.48 9.45 8.54 9.37 9.23 8.16 7.32 8.06 8.23
Other 9.02 9.56 9.82 10.04 10.27 10.57 10.43 11.35 11.9 12.42
Europe 51.86 51.77 50.7 51.09 50.89 51.49 51.27 50.74 50.7 49.13
France 5.03 4.92 4.78 4.92 5.02 5.14 5.13 5.15 5.17 5.1
Germany 5.49 5.57 5.26 5.31 5.32 5.28 5.3 5.29 5.41 5.3
Netherlands 3.25 2.88 2.77 2.56 2.47 2.63 2.62 2.53 2.94 2.71
Norway 9.26 9.59 9.33 9.53 10.27 10.28 10.69 10.64 10.75 10.66
Poland 3.83 3.83 3.36 3.5 3.06 3.08 3.08 3.08 3.06 2.98
United_Kingdom 11.56 11.33 11.53 11.89 11.09 11.14 10.99 10.62 9.55 8.73
Other 13.44 13.65 13.68 13.38 13.66 13.94 13.47 13.43 13.83 13.65
Eurasia 52.27 50.79 51.02 53.45 56 57.94 59.67 63.53 66.76 68.6
Kazakhstan 2.41 2.47 2.43 2.63 3.32 3.69 3.98 4.41 5.08 5.48
Russia 41.68 40.63 40.95 42.64 43.6 44.77 46.13 49.11 51.6 52.72
Ukraine 3.03 3.01 3.03 3.08 3.07 3.08 3.07 3.22 3.22 3.21
Other 5.14 4.68 4.61 5.1 6.01 6.41 6.49 6.8 6.86 7.2
Middle_East 49.43 51.72 54.88 53.8 57.48 56.16 54.24 57.58 62.15 65.22
Iran 9.65 9.84 9.9 10 10.4 10.67 10.45 11.36 12.06 13.01
Iraq 1.39 2.6 4.71 5.47 5.62 5.22 4.42 2.84 4.38 4.11
Kuwait 4.94 4.85 5.02 4.6 5.04 4.81 4.58 5.14 5.71 6.12
Saudi_Arabia 20.82 21.24 21.42 20.18 21.59 20.95 20.27 23.05 24.16 25.51
United Arab Emirates 6.34 6.5 6.61 6.25 6.77 6.59 6.5 7.13 7.42 7.59
Other 6.3 6.69 7.24 7.29 8.06 7.92 8.02 8.05 8.42 8.89
Africa 24.64 26.09 26.27 26.57 27.78 28.01 28.04 30.15 32.05 34.66
Algeria 5.28 5.63 5.75 6.03 6.29 6.26 6.3 7 7.14 7.7
Libya 3.28 3.39 3.26 3.07 3.3 3.21 3.11 3.3 3.61 4
Nigeria 4.56 4.85 4.9 4.89 5.18 5.45 5.16 5.71 5.9 6.55
South_Africa 4.86 5.44 5.52 5.43 5.58 5.62 5.52 5.91 6.06 6.05
Other 6.66 6.79 6.83 7.15 7.44 7.47 7.94 8.22 9.33 10.37
Asia_and_Oceania 73.97 77.84 77.64 77.96 79.11 83.92 88.07 96.08 106.1 115.16
Australia 7.59 8.32 8.67 8.86 9.68 10.26 10.51 10.35 10.56 11.23
China 35.78 37.97 36.67 35.71 35.34 38.48 42.22 49.02 56.38 63.23
India 8.75 9.17 9.37 9.58 9.83 10.29 10.04 10.6 11.24 11.73
Indonesia 7.42 7.41 7.56 8.02 7.87 8.09 8.32 8.55 8.93 9.32
Japan 4.23 4.48 4.59 4.37 4.41 4.38 4.07 3.68 4.16 4.1
Malaysia 2.84 3.01 3.14 3.16 3.21 3.31 3.44 3.84 4.09 3.9
Other 7.36 7.48 7.65 8.26 8.78 9.1 9.49 10.06 10.74 11.66
World 373.24 381.49 385.03 385.99 396.26 403.19 406.94 422.69 444.45 460.14

Other Energy Production and Consumption Data

World Crude Oil Production, 1960-2007

World Petroleum Consumption, 1960-2006

Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030




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